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Will a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine candidate whose development is funded by CEPI be approved for use in the United States or European Union before 2022?
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus is a novel betacoronavirus that likely emerged late last year from an animal reservoir in China. There is little to no pre-existing immunity against it in the human population. The clinical picture for the disease it causes, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), ranges from very mild to fatal. The virus is highly transmissible and has spread globally.
The Oslo-based nonprofit the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) has taken a leading role in financing, accelerating, and coordinating SARS-CoV-2 vaccine development. As of 2020-04-06 CEPI has helped fund the development of six vaccine candidates: a RNA candidate by Moderna/NIAID, a DNA candidate by Inovio Pharmaceuticals, a protein subunit candidate by University of Queensland/GSK, a RNA candidate by Curevac, a protein subunit candidate by Novavax, and a non-replicating viral vector candidate by University of Oxford.
This question asks: Will a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine candidate whose development is funded by CEPI be approved for use in the United States or European Union before 2022?
Resolution will be determined via the first relevant press release made by the FDA, EMA, or European Commission regarding the approval of one of the six SARS-CoV-2 vaccine candidates that has been funded by CEPI as of 2020-04-06. In the United States, approval means that the vaccine candidate has been licensed. In the European Union, approval means that the EMA has recommended the vaccine candidate for approval and the European Commission has granted that approval via marketing authorization. Approval under any other emergency procedures, such as expanded access, would not count.
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