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How many PHEICs will the WHO declare between 2020 and 2030?

The Public Health Emergency of International Concern mechanism was created in 2005 in response to the SARS outbreak of 2002-2003, mandating "a coordinated international response" to certain "serious public health events". Since then, six such emergencies have been declared:

  • The H1N1 (swine flu) pandemic (declared April 2009)
  • A surge of polio cases (May 2014)
  • The West African Ebola epidemic (August 2014)
  • The Zika virus epidemic in (February 2016)
  • The recent Kivu Ebola epidemic (July 2019)
  • The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic (January 2020)

The declaration of the COVID-19 PHEIC is thus the first such declaration of the new decade.

How many PHEICs in total will the WHO declare between 2020 (2020-01-01 00:00:00 UTC) and 2030 (2029-12-31 23:59:59 UTC)?

This question will resolve unambiguously with data or reports published by the WHO on their website (who.int domain), or by another credible source deemed appropriate by the moderators.

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